Task 1: Pre-test and Poster Walk Preview
We take pre-tests every quarter to get a preview of what we will be learning about that quarter in class. You also get an idea of the types of questions you will see on end of quarter exams and even the End of Course Exam. We'll use your pre-test data to gauge your prior knowledge and track your improvement over the quarter.
So what is Civics anyway?
Everyone cares about the world they live in, so you have to know how government works in order to make positive change. Don't be like these people...
Poster Walk Preview
Each poster in the room has a numbered sticky note. With a partner, pick five posters and write down the following for each poster:
1.The number on the poster.
2.Briefly summarize what is on the poster. (people, places, activities, quotes, information…)
3.Is this a primary or secondary source?
4.What might this poster tell you about what you’ll be learning in Civics this year?
Pick your two best responses to share with the class. If someone else has already chosen your poster, tell us what you think it means after they are presenting and pick another poster from your list of 5 to share with the class.
Task 2: Analyzing Photographs and Political Cartoons
Task 1: Mindwalk
Think about ("mind walk" through) all the activities you were involved in during the past 24-48 hours. List as many of these activities as you can remember. For each activity on your list, write down what evidence, if any, your activities might have left behind.
Bringing it all together for Civics...
I really enjoyed all the summer evidence that students brought in and presented! Now you should know that your summer evidence, as well as the evidence you came up with to prove what you've done over the last few days, was an example of a primary source.
A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event. Examples include drawings, photographs, documents, journals and diaries, video recordings, artifacts and items, etc...
Your summer evidence is a primary source. If someone a hundred years from now looked over your evidence, they could try and figure out how you lived, and what culture was like, during the summer of 2015.
I used the image to the left in class to give you an example of summer evidence of my own from a few years ago. To the left is a museum display that I visited in Jamestown, Virginia. We discussed that the weapons and armor in the exhibit are primary source artifacts from the 1600's. Historians studied them to understand what kinds of technology were available and to help describe the relationship between the Natives and European explorers. However, the drawings of the Native Americans and the European explorers in the background are secondary sources because they weren't drawn during the 1600s by someone who experienced it firsthand.
A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. To use the example above, artists could have used available journals, artifacts, and drawings from the 1600s to draw their own images of what Natives and European Explorers looked like. Secondary sources may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them.
Our Constitution explains how the federal government works, describing its organization, powers and responsibilities. The Constitution also contains the Bill of Rights and other amendments that give individual people their rights as citizens.
In this class, we will study a variety of written documents, videos, photographs, political cartoons and maps in order to learn about Civics and Government.
Secondary Sources in Class
Mr. Joseph Dalesandro