Learning goal: Students will understand how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to the development of the Constitution, and that the U.S. Constitution establishes the government and the principles upon which it is based.
SS.7.C.1.6: Interpret the intentions of the Preamble.
Open the file to the right titled "Preamble Breakdown Organizer" and follow the directions.
Follow along with the presentation shown in class. (attached to the right)
Task 2: Preamble Pic Collage
Directions: Add the bold, underlined phrases below into a pic collage. For each phrase below, find ONE picture that best describes the role of the U.S. Government in fulfilling that goal found in the Preamble.
*If Pic Collage isn't working...Draw a cartoon for each of the underlined phrases below that best describes the role of the U.S. government in fulfilling that goal.
1. Establish justice
2. Ensure domestic tranquility
3. Provide for the common defense
4. Insure (ensure) the general Welfare
5. Secure the Blessings of Liberty to our Posterity
*WHEN YOU'RE DONE...
Post your Pic Collage to your class Padlet Page.
State of the Union
1. Who gives the State of the Union address and how often?
2. Where does this power come from in the U.S. Constitution? (find an Article and Section
number and quote specific phrases as evidence)
3. What is the purpose of the State of the Union address? (give a detailed response)
4. When was the State of the Union address?
5. What were some of the topics mentioned in this year's State of the Union address? (research this online and back up with sources)
6. In your opinion, is the State of the Union important for the country? EXPLAIN why or why not.
With any time remaining...
2. Work on your Study Guide
3. Play iCivics review games of your choice.
Task 3: Parents' Constitution
WE, THE PARENTS OF THE UNITED STATES, IN ORDER TO FORM MORE PERFECT FAMILIES, RAISE OBEDIENT CHILDREN, ENSURE DOMESTIC TRANQUILITY, PROVIDE FOR OUR CHILDREN’S DEFENSE, PROMOTE THE GENERAL WELFARE, AND SECURE THE BLESSINGS OF LIBERTY TO OURSELVES AND OUR CHILDREN, DO ORDAIN AND ESTABLISH THIS PARENTS’ CONSTITUTION FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
II. Parents shall have the power to assign chores to their children and to punish children when the chores are not done properly.
III. Parents shall have the power to promote family togetherness even if this power interferes with their children’s social lives.
IV. Parents shall have the power to ask their children questions and to expect honest answers.
V. Parents shall have the power to make all decisions about family spending, including the power to restrict children’s spending on unproductive or harmful items.
VI. Parents shall have the power to decide how much time their children’s friends can spend with their child.
Answer the Questions below:
2. In this metaphor, who does the “Parent” stand for and who does the “student” stand for in History?
3. PREDICT: What might the American people want added to the Constitution?
Task 4: Anti-federalists vs. Federalists
Read the passage below and follow the directions for the assignment after:
The creation of the Constitution entailed hours of debate and compromise, and even when it was completed, some delegates were unhappy with it. The task of fixing the flawed Confederate government was not complete yet; each state had to ratify, or approve, the Constitution. Basically, people divided into two groups, the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists.
- It gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments.
- There was no bill of rights for the people.
- The national government could maintain an army in peacetime.
- Congress, because of the 'necessary and proper clause,' wielded too much power.
- The executive branch held too much power.
- The separation of powers into three independent branches protected the rights of the people. Each branch represents a different aspect of the people, and because all three branches are equal, no one group can assume control over another.
- A listing of rights can be a dangerous thing. If the national government were to protect specific listed rights, what would stop it from violating rights other than the listed ones? Since we can't list all the rights, the Federalists argued that it's better to list none at all.
For example, for any statement below you think describes a Federalist’s viewpoints, you would write that into the “Federalist” column. If you think the statement describes both Anti-federalists and Federalists, then you would write that statement into the “Both” column.
- ...believed in American independence and freedom
- ...opposed the Constitution as-is
- ...wanted the Constitution to be approved as-is
- ...feared a strong central government
- ...believed citizens had rights that should be protected
- ...thought the Constitution needed a list of protected rights
- ...thought the Constitution was enough to preserve the citizens' rights.
- ...worried a list of rights might be seen as the ONLY rights that citizens had
- ...agreed to the Bill of Rights as a compromise
Task 5: Federalists and Anti-Federalists quotes
Which political party's views (Federalist or Anti-federalist) do you think best meet the needs of the people in the 1780's?
Task 6: Federalism Today
"Would this source be used by a Federalist or an Anti-federalist to support their viewpoints? Explain why."
2. When you are finished responding to the provided sources, write a response to the following prompt:
“You have already argued that either Federalists or Anti-Federalists best met the needs of the people in the 1780’s. Now that you have analyzed current day issues in Federalism, which party’s views do you think best meet the needs of the people today? Explain why while referencing at least 3 of the sources provided.”
When you're finished...
- How are modern Democrats and Republicans SIMILAR to Federalists and Anti-federalists from the late 1700's?
- How are they DIFFERENT?
- Work on your study guides in class...